Betta patoti is likely one of the bigger species of betta, belonging to the unimaculata group. This group is comprised of usually massive and admittedly not overly engaging species. The one species on this group, which is the exception to this rule, is B. macrostoma. Nonetheless what the members of this group lack in vivid colours they make up for with a few of the extra fascinating personalities and behaviors. The next species make up the unimaculata group. I strongly suspect that when all is claimed and accomplished this quantity will improve vastly as new species are discovered. I additionally consider that this group of fish will probably be separated out of the genus Betta right into a genus of their very own.
Betta compuncta Tan and Ng, 2006 Betta gladiator Tan and Ng, 2005 Betta ideii Tan and Ng, 2006 Betta macrostoma Regan 1910 Betta ocellata de Beaufort, 1933 Betta pallifina Tan and Ng, 2005 Betta patoti Weber and de Beaufort 1922 Betta unimaculata (Popta 1905)
Of those species B. patoti might be probably the most generally out there, which is not saying a lot. This native of Indonesia, reaches shut to five inches in size when absolutely mature. In contrast to lots of the wild Bettas, this species is kind of tolerant of a variety of water situations and so long as you present it with clear water will show to be a really hardy aquarium inhabitant. Like lots of the wild bettas this species requires temperatures just a little decrease than one would anticipate from a gaggle that’s typically thought-about tropical in origin.
Temperatures within the mid to higher seventies are perfect for this species. These fish will take all kinds of meals and as is widespread with most aquarium fish if they will catch and swallow it, they are going to eat it. Diets heavy in stay black worms must be averted nevertheless as this meals merchandise appears to trigger bother for many bettas if fed these completely. For finest outcomes they need to be give a diverse eating regimen. One have to be cautious at feeding time as these fish are voracious eaters and it’s not unusual for them to leap out of the tanks of their eagerness to get to the meals. They are going to even seize a maintain of fingers when going after the meals. Take into account as effectively that like all wild bettas these are phenomenal escape artists and can discover the smallest crack within the masking of their housing. They have to be stored tightly sealed or you’ll discover your fish as little dried up corpses on the ground very quickly flat. Offering the fish with loads of safe cowl within the tank within the type of vegetation and drift wooden, in addition to floating vegetation will assist cut back the incidence of loss of life by leaping, however it’s no substitute for a superb tight high.
If effectively fed and given an atmosphere to its liking this species is pretty straightforward to breed. Sexes are pretty related in coloration and finnage however the males will probably be a bit extra intensely coloured esp at breeding time and should present pronounced lateral banding which the feminine doesn’t have. In my expertise breeding usually takes place throughout night hours and should final for a number of hours throughout which period the feminine will launch her eggs for fertilization by the male. Spawning conduct is typical of most anabantoids with the male embracing the feminine at which period the eggs are launched and fertilized. The eggs are then picked up by both the male or feminine, if picked up by the feminine they’re spat again out in entrance of the male who then will decide them up and retain them in his mouth. In contrast to the generally seen B. splendens this species doesn’t construct a bubble nest however as a substitute is a mouth brooder, with the male brooding the eggs from 12-17 days, with 14 days being the typical. Many individuals counsel separating the feminine from the brooding male however I’ve by no means discovered leaving them collectively to be an issue. The males like different members of this species group are susceptible to eat the eggs at about day three of brooding. Nobody is aware of why this happens, nevertheless eradicating or leaving the feminine appears to make no distinction as as to if or not the male will swallow the eggs. As soon as a male begins efficiently holding the eggs they’re normally mannequin mother and father, nevertheless some males simply by no means do get it and can proceed to swallow the eggs all through their lives. The fry when lastly launched are fairly massive and might simply take newly hatched brine shrimp or different small organisms. The mother and father usually don’t eat the fry. I’ve observed although that if the tank area is on the small facet the mother and father will assault and eat the fry as they strategy a brand new spawning occasion and it’s instructed that the younger be eliminated in case your housing is much less spacious. 20 gallons is minimal for a pair, bigger is advisable esp. in case you are preserving a couple of pair collectively.
This species appears to be much less susceptible to the females over breeding the males as is so widespread with lots of the smaller species, nevertheless the male ought to nonetheless be given a relaxation interval after launch of the fry earlier than permitting him to breed once more. Due to their comparatively non-aggressive nature this species could also be a superb candidate for group spawning. Ideally one feminine to a number of males would type the breeding group. Take into account although on this case a 40-60 gallon tank with loads of cowl goes to be important. All in all, this species is effectively well worth the effort, and expense to dedicate a tank to in case you ought to occur to return throughout them.