Growing Chllies is often not even considered by the average gardener. Many believe that growing chilli peppers is complicated and may fall into the same category as growing bonsai trees. Bonsai plants require a very particular horticultural environment where the gardener must closely monitor and control factors such as amount of light, humidity, temperature, pest control, nutritional feed. The common misconception is that chillies too are very particular with their needs and difficult to successfully grow.
The reality is however that chillies are a very hardy and adaptive plant. Obviously as you would suspect they thrive in warm climates that receive large amounts of sunshine and warm temperatures such as Africa, Asia and south / central America. That said, their adaptive nature means that with very little effort even a novice gardener can successfully grow and harvest chillies in their own garden. This stands true even in the cooler climates of Europe and Northern America.
The key to growing chillies is successfully getting the basics right. First you need to buy some good quality chilli seeds ready to plant in the spring. There are many suppliers to be found on the internet. In addition many garden centers now stock several of the more common varieties.
During the germination phase heat is critical. If you are in a cooler climate then germination works best by keeping the planted seeds indoors or in a heated greenhouse. If possible place the seed tray somewhere where it will receive a constant source of warmth. Good places include the airing cupboard, on top of the fridge or a computer monitor.
Once germinated the key to the growing and fruiting stage is light. Chillies will thrive if they have enough light. One simple trick is to plant them in pots as opposed to the ground. That way they can be moved through the day if you do not have one place that receives a constant supply of direct sunshine through the day. If you work at trying to give your chillies as much light as possible they should respond by supplying you with a good harvest of chilli peppers during the summer and into autumn.
Source by James McKerr