Farmers world-wide have been training crop rotation for hundreds of years. The rationale for that is that they found lengthy, way back that by rising sure crops in a sure sequence, they have been in a position to optimize the dear sources of the soil.
If one crop is grown season after season, yr after yr, with no break, the soil will are likely to deteriorate in each construction and the content material of vitamins. But when crop rotation is practiced appropriately, every subsequent crop will add vitamins to the soil that have been used up by the earlier crop. Crop rotation additionally minimises the danger of nematodes and illness.
The only rule of thumb is to develop an above-ground crop after which a below-ground crop. Higher nonetheless rotate the 4 crop teams that profit most from crop rotation. These are:
• cruciferous crops together with cabbages, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts and kale,
• root crops together with beetroot, carrots, parsnips, salsify and turnips (keep in mind that potatoes are NOT a root crop, they’re a tuber),
• solanaceous crops together with each tomatoes and potatoes, peppers and eggplants, capsicums and chillies,
• leguminous crops that embody all of the beans and peas you possibly can consider.
Cucurbitaceous crops – cucumbers, pumpkins, squashes and marrows, and numerous melons – and numerous different miscellaneous crops – from Swiss chard and spinach to leeks, celery, lettuce, endive and artichokes – can usually be included wherever, besides in fact they make a nasty companion plant to others planted on the identical time.
From this you will note that legumes after which the cruciferous crops, together with brassicas, ought to follow-on out of your tomato crop.
Legumes are identified to lure nitrogen in nodules that type on their roots, including nitrogen to the soil. However this profit is simply realized if the entire plant goes again into the soil. Harvesting the pods minimises the vitamins, so go away some vegetation to die and decay.
Leafy greens dissipate a great deal of nitrogen – which is why you need to plant the brassicas after rising beans and peas. However you’ll nonetheless must feed the soil and add manure and compost for the crop to essentially thrive. In the event that they do thrive, leafy greens will usually enrich the soil with phosphorus, which the foundation crops thrive on. The foundation crops then go away behind some additional potassium that our tomatoes love!
One other issue to think about, notably by way of solanaceous crops, is that the different sorts ought to ideally not be grown inside three years of each other. So if you wish to develop tomatoes , potatoes, peppers and aubergines, you'll must plant totally different areas at totally different instances, rotating the crops otherwise on a regular basis.